英·词根 近形词

Posted by XiLock on May 3, 2022
A
  1. a:不 afield
  2. ab:离去 absent
  3. abol:清除 abolish
  4. ac:附近 accessory
  5. ac:向 acclimate
  6. acerb:苦涩的 exacerbate
  7. acoust:听 acoustic
  8. acquaint:使熟知 acquaintance
  9. acro:高 acrobat
  10. act:法令 enact
  11. act:行动 transact exact interact
  12. acu:尖 acumen acupuncture
  13. ad:向 adverse
  14. ad:一再 addict addiction
  15. aer(o):空气 aerobic aeration aeronautics aeroplane aerospace
  16. af:去,向 affluent afflict
  17. af:一再 afflict
  18. ag:加强 exaggerate
  19. ag:驱动,做 agenda agile
  20. aholic:上瘾的 workaholic
  21. al:向 allege alleviate
  22. ali:其他的 inalienable
  23. ali:营养 aliment
  24. allow:允许 allowance
  25. alt:高 altitude halt
  26. alter(n):其他的 alternative alternate
  27. amat:爱 amateur
  28. amb(i)/emb:周围,两边 ambitious ambiguity ambassador embassy
  29. ambul:行走 ambulate ambulance
  30. amount:数量 paramount
  31. amphi:两 amphibious
  32. ampl:大 amphlify
  33. an/ante:前面 ancestor
  34. an:没有 anec anecdote
  35. ana:分开 anatomy
  36. ana:类似 analogy
  37. anim:精神,生命 animate unanimous
  38. anthrop:人类 anthropologist
  39. anti:反 antibiotic
  40. anti:在..之前 anticipate
  41. antique:古代的 antiquity antiquate
  42. apt:适宜的,易于..的 adapt adaptitude
  43. aqu(a):水 aquarium
  44. ar:犁地 arable
  45. ar:增加 arrogance
  46. arbor:树 arboreal
  47. arc:弓 arcade
  48. arch:统治,统治者,主要的 hierarchy
  49. arid:干旱 aridity
  50. arithm:数字 arithmatic
  51. art(i):技巧 artefact artificial
  52. arthr:连接 arthritis
  53. as:接近 assemble assist
  54. as:向 assault
  55. ass:做 ambassador embassy
  56. assur:保 ascurance
  57. astro:星 astronaut astrology disastrous
  58. au:鸟 augur inaugurate
  59. aud:大胆的 audacious
  60. aud:听 audit audition auditorium
  61. aug:增加 augment
  62. auto:自己 autobiograph authentic
  63. aval:向下 avalanche
  64. avi:鸟 aviation
B
  1. balc:树干 balcony
  2. ban:禁止 banner
  3. bank:河堤,岸 embankment
  4. bar(r):条,棒(引申为栏) barrier barrel barrage
  5. bar:光秃秃 barren
  6. bar:重,压 barometer baron
  7. barb:条,棒 barbecue
  8. barbar:胡说 barbaric
  9. bark:船 embark
  10. bat:打 debat combat
  11. bat:走 acrobat
  12. bate:减少 abate
  13. be:使 bereave
  14. bed:床 embed
  15. bene:好 benifit benificial benevolent
  16. bever:喝 beverage
  17. bezzle:吞没 embezzle
  18. bi:生命 amphibious
  19. bid:请求 bid bide abide abode
  20. blemish:污点 unblemished
  21. bol:扩张,扔 bold bollix bole bollard bale boulder metabl- metabolic metabolism
  22. born:出生 inborn
  23. boss:突出 emboss
  24. bound:界限 abound
  25. brac:胳膊 embrace
  26. break:超过 breakwater
  27. bris:破开 debris
  28. broch:刺 brochette brochure
  29. bronch:气管 bronchitis
  30. brute:畜生 brutal
  31. bryo:胚胎 embryo
  32. bund:接近的 moribund
  33. bureau:桌子 bureaucracy
  34. burg:城堡 burgle burglar
  35. by:旁边 bypass
C
  1. cad:落下 cascade
  2. calc:石灰 calcium recalcitrant caulk
  3. camp:营地 campus camper(scamper) campfire campaign
  4. cant:弯,角落 canteen
  5. cap:盖 handicap
  6. cap(t):抓拿 capture captive captivity incapacitate cater
  7. capit:头 decapitate
  8. caps:头 capsize
  9. caps:箱子 capsule
  10. cardio:心 cardiovascular
  11. cas:掉落 casual casualty cascade
  12. case:容器 encase casette briefcase
  13. cata:向下 catastrophe catalogue
  14. caust;烧 caustic
  15. cav:洞 excavate concave
  16. cay:落下 decay
  17. ceal:隐藏 conceal
  18. ce(e)d:走 succeed exceed proceed procedure concede precedent precede
  19. ceiv:拿住 conceive deceive perceive
  20. cel:天空 celestial
  21. celer:快速的 accelerate
  22. cend:发白光 incendiary
  23. cend:爬 transcend ascend
  24. cens:评价,审查 censor censure
  25. cent:唱歌 incentive
  26. centr:中心 eccentric
  27. cept:拿,抓 concept(misconception) deception perception susceptible
  28. cern:分开 discerning secern concern
  29. cert:确定,区分 ascertain certify concert
  30. cervic:颈 cervical
  31. cess:走 access accessory process procession concession succession
  32. cest:走 ancestor
  33. chant:唱歌,念咒 enchant disenchant
  34. char:烧焦 charcoal
  35. char:珍爱 charity
  36. chart:纸 charter
  37. chest:胸腔 orchestra
  38. chor:歌 chorus
  39. chron:时间 chronic
  40. cid:掉落 incident
  41. cid:切 coincide
  42. cine:移动,电影 cinema
  43. ciner:灰 incinerate
  44. cip:拿 anticipate municipal principle discipline disciple
  45. cipher:密码 decipher
  46. cipit:头 precipitation
  47. circ:圆 circus
  48. circum:周围 circumstence
  49. cit:激起 excitement solicitor
  50. civ:公民 civil
  51. cla:夹 clamp
  52. clar:清楚 clarify
  53. clim:倾斜 climate acclimate
  54. clin:床 clinic
  55. clin:倾斜,弯曲 inclination decline
  56. clud/clus/clos:关闭 conclude seclude preclude exclude precludeexclusion enclose(incluse) disclose
  57. col:耕种 colony colon
  58. com:带有 commiserate
  59. commod:方便 accommodate
  60. con:共同,全部 confuse conquer condone
  61. contri:相反 contrive contrived
  62. contro:相反 controversy
  63. cop:砍 coupon
  64. cor:完全 corrupt
  65. cord:心 cord discord
  66. corp:身体 corpus corporal corporate incorporate
  67. cosm:宇宙 cosmic microcosm
  68. coun:强调 council counsel counsellor
  69. count:计算 伯爵 county
  70. counter:相反的,相应的 encounter counterpart
  71. cour:精神 discourage
  72. cour:跑 scour
  73. course:路线 recourse
  74. court:花园(引申为朝廷、阿谀奉承) courtship discourteous
  75. cracy:统治 cracy
  76. craft:技术 spacraft
  77. crastin:明天 procrastinate
  78. crat:管理者,统治 democrat autocratic
  79. cre:产生,生长 create recreate concrete decrease
  80. cred:相信 credit(credential) incredible discredit accredit
  81. creet:清楚 discreet
  82. crep(it):破裂,发出破裂声 decrepit discrepancy
  83. cret:分开 excrete excreta
  84. cri(t):判断 critic criticise critical criterion
  85. crim:罪 crime
  86. crimin:分开 discriminate
  87. croach:钩子 encroach
  88. crock:瓦罐 crockery
  89. cru(c):十字形 crucial crusade cruise
  90. cru:生长 recruit
  91. cule:踩踏 inculcate
  92. culmin:顶 culminate
  93. cult:种植 cultivate
  94. cumb:躺 succumb
  95. cumul:堆积 cumulative
  96. cur:关心,治疗 curiously curative
  97. cur:跑 concur incur corridor excurtion currency curriculum carousel
  98. curl:使卷曲 curly
  99. curricular:课程的 extracurricular
  100. curt:短 curtail
  101. cus:原因 accuse
  102. custod:看护 custos custody
  103. custom:风俗 accustom
D
  1. dain:尊贵 disdain
  2. de(i):神,神的 deity divine divination
  3. de:不 deficiency demolition
  4. de:分开 division
  5. de:加强 debate interdepend decrepit
  6. de:偏离 deviance
  7. de:去掉 detergent
  8. deal:交易 dealer
  9. dear:珍贵的 dearth
  10. deavor:债务,责任 endeavor
  11. dec(or):装饰 decorate decent
  12. deci:十分之一 decibel
  13. defend:辩护 defendant
  14. dem:人民 epidemic democracy
  15. dem:伤害,诅咒 condemn
  16. dent:齿,咬合 indent(indenture)
  17. di:分开 diverse diverge
  18. dial:刻度盘 sundial
  19. dic:分配 dedicate predict
  20. dict:说 dictate contradict addict
  21. dif:分开 diffuse
  22. dipl:对着 diploma diplomat
  23. dis:不,非 disclose disqualify
  24. dis:分开 dispenser discard indispensable dispose dissert
  25. dis:加强 discreet
  26. dis:轻视 disparage
  27. dit:说 condition
  28. dol:悲痛 indolent
  29. dom:家 domestic dominate predominate
  30. don:给予 donate condom condone dose
  31. dorm:睡 drom dormat
  32. dors:背 endorse
  33. dot:给予 dote antidot anecdote
  34. dox:观点 orthedox
  35. dra:推动 dramatic
  36. drain:排水 drainage
  37. dub:不确定 dubious
  38. duc:拉,引导 deduce sedue conduce
  39. duct:引导 induct conduct inductive
  40. due:预期的 overdue
  41. dur:持续 durable endure
  42. dys:坏 dystrophy
E
  1. e:去,向外 erode eliminate evacuation
  2. ease:安心 lease cease
  3. ec:没有 eclipse
  4. eco:家庭的 ecosystem ecology
  5. ed:吃 edible edify
  6. ef:出来 efficient
  7. em:给予 embody
  8. em:拿 premium
  9. empl:拿 exemplar exemplify
  10. emul:竞争 emulate
  11. en:给予 entrust
  12. en:进去 emtire entitle
  13. en:使 enlighten enact enlist
  14. enigm:迷 enigma
  15. enn:年 centennial millennium
  16. enrol:登记,入学 enrolment
  17. epi:在..上 epitomise episode
  18. epi:在..周围 epidemic
  19. equ:相等 equal adequate equator
  20. era:时代 ceramic
  21. erg:起作用 allergic
  22. err:徘徊 erroneous
  23. escal:梯子 escalate escalator
  24. esce:动作的起始 adolesce fluoresce senesce
  25. esque:表形容词 picturesque
  26. ess:存在 essence
  27. ess:存在 essential
  28. est:燃烧 estuary
  29. esthet:感觉 aesthetic
  30. ether:苍穹,天空 ethereal
  31. ethic:道德,伦理 ethical
  32. euver:工作 manoeuvre
  33. ex:出,向外 exaggerate extinguish exile exterior anecdote
  34. extro:外 extrovert
F
  1. fabul:说,预言 fabulous
  2. fac(t)/fect:做 facilitate artefact facsimile faculty defect defeat affect refectory
  3. fac:面 facial
  4. fan:迷 fancy
  5. fare:走 farewell warfare welfare
  6. fascin:使着魔 fascinate
  7. fat:胖 fatigue
  8. fate:命运 fatal
  9. feas:做 feasible
  10. feder:信任 federal
  11. feit:做 forfeit
  12. femin:女 feminism
  13. fens/fend:打 fence defend offensive
  14. fer/fert:带来,搬运 infer(inference inferential) interfere ferry refer(referee) fertile(fertilise)
  15. fer:野 feral(ferocious) fierce
  16. fest:打 manifest
  17. fev:发烧 fever foment
  18. fic:脸 superficial
  19. fic:做 deficiency suffice efficient fiction
  20. fid:相信,信念 affiant fidelity fiance/fiancee infidel confide
  21. figur:形状 configuration disfigure
  22. fil:线条 profile
  23. filtrate:滤液 infiltrate
  24. fin:界限 define confine refinement affinity
  25. firm:坚固的 confirm infirm
  26. fla:玻璃 flask fiasco
  27. flag:旗帜 camouflage
  28. flamm:燃烧 inflammable
  29. flat:吹 inflate inflation
  30. flect:弯曲 deflect
  31. flick:轻弹 flicker
  32. flict:击打 inflict afflict conflict
  33. flu:流动 flush fluctuate affluent
  34. for:外面 forum forfeit
  35. for:完全 forgo
  36. fore:在前 foremost
  37. form:形式 formal(formality) formulate inform conform(conformity)
  38. formid:可怕的 formidable
  39. foss:挖 fossil
  40. found:创立 profound
  41. fract:打破 fracture fraction
  42. frag:打破:fragile fragment
  43. fragr:香 fragrance
  44. frain:笼头 refrain
  45. franch:自由 enfranchise
  46. fresh:新 refresh
  47. fringe:打破 infringe
  48. front:额头 confront
  49. frustr:欺骗,失望 frustrate
  50. fum:烟 fume perfume
  51. fund:基础 fundamental
  52. fund:流 refund
  53. furb:擦亮 furbish refurbish
  54. furn:提供 furnish
  55. fus:流 fusion confuse diffuse
  56. fus:流
  57. fut:流 futile
  58. fy:使 classify
G
  1. gage:承诺 engage
  2. galax:乳 galaxy
  3. gard:看,看护 regard
  4. gen:产生 genuine generous ingenuity indigenous degenerate
  5. ger:搬运 exaggerate
  6. germ:芽 germinate
  7. gest:搬运 digest(digestive) congested(congestion)
  8. gigant:巨人 gigantic
  9. gl:发光 glitter gleam
  10. glac:冰 glacier glacial
  11. glim:灯光 glimpse
  12. glob:球体 global
  13. gn/gno:知道 cognition diagnose ignorance
  14. gorge:峡谷 gorgeous
  15. gran:颗粒 granite
  16. grap:钩子 grape grapnel grapple
  17. graph:书写 graphic
  18. grat:感谢 gratitude
  19. grav:重的 aggravate
  20. grave:坟墓 engrave
  21. graze:放牧 overgraze
  22. gred:进入 ingredient
  23. greg:群体 gregarious segregate
  24. gress:走 congress aggressive
  25. griev:重 grieve
  26. gross:总的 engross grocer(grocery)
  27. gru:磨 congruous(congruity) incongruity(incongruous)
  28. grudge:抱怨 begrudge
  29. guise:伪装 disguise undisguised
  30. gull:鸥,骗 gullible
  31. gur:说 augur inaugurate
  32. gurg:喉 regurgitate
H
  1. hab:住 habit habitat inhabitant habitable
  2. hale:气 inhale exhale
  3. half:半,边 behalf
  4. hall:大厅 hallowed
  5. hap:机会 haphazard
  6. har:战争 harness
  7. haste:仓促 hasty
  8. hazard:冒险 haphazard
  9. heli:螺旋 helicopter
  10. hemi:半 hemisphere
  11. hent:做 authentic
  12. her/hes:黏附 inhere inherent hesitate
  13. heri:遗传,继承 heritage hereditary
  14. herb:草 herbivore
  15. herd:兽群 herdsman
  16. here:拿 heretic
  17. hibit:拿住 inhibit prohibit(prohibitive)
  18. hier:神圣 hierarchy
  19. hilar:高兴 exhilarate
  20. hill:小山 chill
  21. hit:击打 hitherto
  22. horn:角 thorn(thorny)
  23. horr:发抖,害怕 horror horrify abhorrent
  24. host:敌人 hostile
  25. host/hospit:主人 hostel hospitality
  26. hum:地 humble
  27. hypno:睡觉 hypnotic
I
  1. ice:冰 slice
  2. ident:相同 identical identification
  3. ig:做 ambiguity
  4. ig:缺少 indigent indigence
  5. illusion:幻想 disillusion
  6. im:进入,使 imply implement imperil
  7. im:在..上 impress
  8. imit:模仿 imitate
  9. induct:就任 induction
  10. infra:在..下面 infrastructure
  11. init:开始 initial initiate initiative
  12. isol/insul:岛 isolate insulate insularity
  13. intel:在中间 intellectual intelligible
  14. intrin:内在的 intrinsic
  15. intro:向内 introspection introvert
  16. ir:不 irrevocable
  17. ir:进入 irritate irrigation
  18. iron:说 irony
  19. it:走 itinerary(itineracy) reiterate
J
  1. jac/ject:扔 adjacent object reject eject
  2. jeal:热心的 jealous
  3. journ:日 journal
  4. jud:判断 judicious unprejudiced
  5. jump:跳 jumble
  6. junct:连接 junction conjunction adjunct
  7. just:正确 justify adjust
  8. juven:年轻 juvenile
K
  1. kindle:点燃 rekindle
L
  1. la(u)nc:扔 launch
  2. labor:劳动 labour elaborate(elaboration) collaboration
  3. lac:搬运 collate
  4. lat:宽的 latitude dilate
  5. lat:拿,带 collate illative sublate delate ablate relate elate
  6. later:侧面 lateral bilateral collateral
  7. lav:洗 lava lavatory
  8. lay:放置 relay
  9. lect:讲 lecture dialect
  10. lect:选择,收集 select collect intellectual neglect
  11. leg:法律 legislation legistimate delegacy
  12. leg:送 legacy allege
  13. len:软 lenient
  14. leth:死,僵 lethal
  15. lev/liev:举起,轻 lever elevate alleviate relevant(relevance) relieve relief
  16. lexic:词 lexicographer
  17. lib:文字 libel
  18. liber:天平,称 deliberate
  19. liber:自由 liberty
  20. lic:诱骗(引申为美味、甜美、柔和、喜爱) elicit delicate delight
  21. lict/linqu:离开,遗留 relict(remnant) derelict delinquent
  22. lig:捆绑 ligament oblige liaise
  23. lig:选择 eligible intelligent intelligible
  24. lime:石灰 limestone
  25. limin:门槛 preliminary subliminal eliminate
  26. lingu:语言 bilingual linguistic
  27. lip:离开 ecliptic eclipse
  28. liqu:液体,湿 liquor deliquesce
  29. lit:选出 elite
  30. liter:文字 literature
  31. liver:自由 deliver
  32. loc:地方 allocate
  33. log:说话 logic analogy catalogue
  34. long:长 prolonged
  35. lop:跑 gallop
  36. loy:法律 loyal
  37. lucid:清晰的 elucidate
  38. luct:挣扎 reluctant
  39. lud/lus:玩,戏剧 allude collude delude elude illusion
  40. lumber:木材 slumber
  41. lure:诱惑 allure
  42. lus:光 elusive illustrate
  43. luv:冲 alluvial
  44. lux:光 luxury luxuriant
  45. lys:分开 analyse paralysis
M
  1. magn:巨大的 magnitude
  2. main:手 maintain
  3. maj:大 major majesty
  4. mal(e):坏,恶 maltreat malevolent
  5. malle:锤子 malleable
  6. mamm:乳房 mammal
  7. man:逗留 mansion manor
  8. man:流动 permanent
  9. man:手 manoeuvre manage manageable
  10. mand:命令 demand mandarin
  11. mani:手 manipulate manifest
  12. mantle:覆盖 dismantle
  13. manu:manufacture
  14. mar:战争 maraud martial
  15. mari:海 maritime
  16. mark:记号 remark
  17. mat:垫 mattress
  18. mate:伙伴 inmate
  19. mater:母亲 maternal
  20. mea:经过 permeate
  21. mechan:机械 mechanic
  22. med:治疗 remedy
  23. medi:中间 medieval mediocre mediterranean medium
  24. memor:记忆 memorandum memorable
  25. men:伸出,突出(引申为引导、威胁) menace commence
  26. mens:测量 dimension immense
  27. ment:想法 comment mental mentor
  28. mer:部分,分配 emeritus
  29. merc:交易 commerce merchandising
  30. merit:功绩 demerit
  31. mery:浸没 emerge submerge
  32. meta:改变 metaphor metabl- metabolic metabolism
  33. meteor:陨石,天气 meteorology
  34. meter/metr:测量 diameter optomertist
  35. mid:中间的 midst
  36. migr:迁移 migrate migrant immigrant
  37. milit:打架 militant
  38. mill:磨坊 treadmill
  39. mim:模仿 mime
  40. min:突出 eminent prominent prominence
  41. min:小 diminish
  42. mine:挖 undermine
  43. ming:混合 mingle
  44. mir:惊奇 miracle
  45. mis:放,送 premise promise
  46. mis:坏的,错的 mishandle
  47. miser:同情 miserable commiserate
  48. miss:送 admission dismiss missile mission(commission)
  49. mit:发送 commit commitment transmit emit vomit
  50. mix:混合 mixture
  51. mod:样式 moderate commodity modish
  52. mol:堆 demolish demolition
  53. mon:忠告 monitor
  54. mono:单个 monopoly
  55. monstr:展示 demonstrate
  56. monu:警告 monument
  57. mor:风俗,道德的 moral morality
  58. morph:形状 amorphous
  59. mort/mori:死亡 mortal immortal mortality mortify mortgage moribund
  60. mot:移动 motive motion
  61. mud:泥 muddle
  62. mun(i):服务,公共的 community municipal remunerate immune
  63. mund:世界 mundane
  64. muni:服务 municipal
  65. mut:变(move) mutual transmute commute
N
  1. na:知道 narrate narrative
  2. naiss:出生 renaissance
  3. naut:航行 aeronautics
  4. nav:船 navigation
  5. neath:在..之下 beneath
  6. nect:绑 connect
  7. neg:否定 negative neglect
  8. nerv:体力,神经,勇气 nerve
  9. noc:伤害 innocent
  10. noct:夜 nocturnal
  11. nom:法律 autonomy
  12. nom(in):名字 nominate(nominal) denominate cognomen/agnomen
  13. nomy:法则 astronomy
  14. norm:规范 enormous
  15. not:知道 denote notion notoriety(notorious)
  16. nour:营养 nourish
  17. nov:新 innovation novice
  18. nutri:滋养 nutrient(nutritious)
O
  1. ob:逆 obsess(obsession) obstruct
  2. obey:服从 disobey
  3. ocul:眼睛 binoculars
  4. od:路 exodus
  5. ole:油 petroleum
  6. op:工作(引申为财富) opulent
  7. opa:不透明 opaque
  8. opt:选择 option
  9. opt:眼睛 optical
  10. optim:最好 optimum optimistic
  11. ora:说 orate
  12. orb:轨道 orbit exorbitant
  13. order:命令 ordain border
  14. ordin:顺序 coordinate subordinate
  15. ori:产生 origin orient(reorient)
  16. oriety:多 notoriety
  17. orn:装饰 ornament adorn
  18. ought:应该 drought
  19. out:超过 outdo
  20. oxy:酸 oxygen
P
  1. pact:系紧 compact
  2. pag:扎牢,系牢 propagate
  3. pair:更糟 impair
  4. pal:白色 appal
  5. pan:扩展 expand expanse patent(patency) spawn
  6. pan:面包 company accompany companion
  7. par(a):并列,平等 parallel(unparalleled) apparatus(apparat) paralysis comparrable disparage
  8. par(l):说话 parlor parley parliament
  9. part:部分 impart counterpart
  10. part:分开 apart particular particulate
  11. pass:忍受,引申为感情 passion passionate compassion
  12. pass:通过 compass encompass surpass
  13. past:喂养 pasture
  14. path:病痛 pathology
  15. path:感觉 sympathy
  16. patr:父亲,祖国 patrol patriot(compatriot) repatriate
  17. patron:赞助人 patronage
  18. pave:铺设 pavement
  19. pe(a)l:推 compel repel expel propel appeal
  20. pecc:犯罪 peccable(impeccable) peccant
  21. ped:脚 pedal pedestrian impede expedition
  22. pen:刑事的,惩罚 penalty penalize
  23. pend:悬挂 depend interdepend indispensable suspend compendium
  24. pens:悬挂沉重(引申为支付,偿还) pension expense dispense dispenser compensate poise
  25. per:贯穿,始终 permanent persist perpetuate pervasive(permeate) perplex perceive(perception) persuade
  26. per:冒险 imperil
  27. peri:周围 periphery
  28. pert:带 repertoire
  29. pest:瘟疫 pesticide
  30. pet(u):寻找,追求 impetus compet(competent) perpetual(perpetuate) appetitive
  31. petr:岩石 petroleum
  32. phas:说 emphasize
  33. phe:说 prophecy
  34. pher:带来 periphery
  35. philo:爱 philosophy
  36. phon:声音 symphony
  37. phor:带来 metaphor
  38. physic:医学 physician
  39. pict:画,描写 depict
  40. pile:堆 stockpile compile
  41. pill:药丸 spill
  42. pine:松树 spine
  43. pit:坑 spit
  44. plagi:斜的 plagiarise plagiarism
  45. plas:模式,展开 plaster
  46. plat:平 plateau
  47. plaud/plaus:击,打,拍掌 applaud plausible
  48. ple/plen/plet/pli/ply:填满 implement replenish complete deplete(depletion) accomplish
  49. plex/plic:重叠 complex perplex complicate implication replicate
  50. plod:击掌 explode
  51. plor:哭,喊 explore implore deplore
  52. pl(o)y:弯,折叠 pliable imply comply apply(appliance) deploy
  53. point:指 appoint
  54. pol:磨 polish
  55. polit:城市 cosmopolitan
  56. pon:放 postpone
  57. popul:人 populate populace
  58. port:搬运 transport portable
  59. portion:部分 proportion apportion
  60. pos:放 propose deposit disposal impose predispose positive posture compose
  61. poss:有力的 possess
  62. post:放置,柱,岗 outpost signpost compost
  63. pot:喝 potion poison symposium
  64. pound:放置 compound
  65. pover:贫困 impoverish
  66. prag:做 pragmatic
  67. prais/preci/pret:价值 appraise praise appreciable appreciate interpret
  68. prais:价 appraisal
  69. pre:领先,前面 prevalence preface
  70. prec:祈祷 pray precative precarious deprecate
  71. pred:掠夺 predator predatory
  72. prehens:抓住 comprehensive
  73. press;压 depress depression
  74. pri:单个 privilege
  75. prim/prin:第一 prior prime primitive principle
  76. pris/pren:握住 prison enterprise enterpreneur
  77. priv:私有 privacy deprive
  78. pro:向前 process reciprocate
  79. proach:接近 reproach
  80. prob:检查 probe probation
  81. profit:利益 profitable
  82. promise:保证 compromise
  83. propr:自身的 appropriate
  84. proto:首先 prototype
  85. prow:英勇的 prowess
  86. prox:近 approximate
  87. psych:精神 psychiatry psychological
  88. pto:掉下 symptom
  89. puls:推 impulse compulsive compulsory
  90. pulver:粉尘 pulverise
  91. punct:尖,点,刺 puncture acupuncture punctual
  92. pur:干净的 purify
  93. pur:向前 pursue
  94. put:思考,想 depute dispute reputation(reputable)
Q
  1. quaint:知道 acquaint
  2. quer/quir:询问 conquer(unconquerable) require enquire/inquire
  3. quest:找 conquest
  4. qui(l):安静 quite tranquil acquiesce requiem
  5. quisit:要求 requisite prequisite
R
  1. rac:种族 race racial
  2. rad:根 radical radicate eradicate
  3. radi:光线 radiate
  4. raft:筏 craft
  5. rap:使着迷 wrap
  6. rat:清点,计算 ratio ration
  7. ray:光线 array
  8. ras/raz/rad:刮擦 rascal raze erase abrase(abrade) razor rasp
  9. re:反,相对 resist reluctant
  10. re:一再 reclaim
  11. real:真正的 realm
  12. reav:掠夺 bereave
  13. rec:向后 reciprocate
  14. reck:注意 reckon
  15. rect:直的 rectangular
  16. red:反复 redundant
  17. reg:直的,规则,统治 regent regular irregular
  18. regard:关心 disregard
  19. relent:变温和 relentless
  20. rend:给 render rendition
  21. rept:爬 reptile
  22. resile:弹回 resilient
  23. rid:笑 ridiculous
  24. rig:雨 irrigate irrigation
  25. rig:直的,正确的 rigid(rigor) rigorous rightous
  26. ring:铃 string
  27. rit:擦 irritate irritable
  28. riv:河,流动 rival derive
  29. rot/rod/ros:咬 rot corrode erosion
  30. rog:要求 arrogance
  31. roll:名单 enroll
  32. rope:绳子 grope
  33. rot:旋转 rotate
  34. rouse:激励 arousal
  35. rub:摩擦,擦伤 shrub scrub rubble rubbish
  36. rud:天然的 rude crude rudimentary
  37. run:跑 brunt
  38. rupt:断裂 irrupt corrupt erupt bankrupt
  39. rur:乡村 rural
  40. ruth:怜悯 ruthless
S
  1. sacr:神圣 sacrifice
  2. sal/sil/sul/sail/saul:跳 saltant salient assail assault exult resile insult consilient salacious result somersault
  3. sal:盐 saline
  4. san(it):健康的 sanitate sanitation insane
  5. sanct:神圣 sanction sanctuary
  6. sat:充足 saturate
  7. sav:品尝 savour
  8. scen(e):设置 scenery obscene
  9. scend:爬 descend
  10. scent:香味 crescent
  11. scept:看 sceptic sceptical
  12. sci:知道 conscious conscience
  13. scrib/script:写:写 inscribe ascribe prescribe(prescription) circumscribe transcribe
  14. sculp:雕刻 sculpture
  15. scur:盖上 obscure
  16. scrut/scrutin:检查 scrutiny scrutable
  17. se:分开 seduce seclude
  18. sen:老 senate senior segnior
  19. sect:切割 section
  20. secut:跟随 procecute
  21. sed:坐 supersede sedentary
  22. seg:切割 segment
  23. sel:带来 counsel
  24. sem:符号,意义 semantic
  25. sembl:一样 assemble resemble
  26. semin:种子 disseminate dissemination
  27. sens(e):感觉 sensation sensate sensory sensible consensus
  28. sent:感觉 sentient sentiment consent resent
  29. sept:腐烂的 antiseptic
  30. sequ:跟随 subsequent
  31. sert:放置,安排 assert insert dissert
  32. serv:保持 observe preserve conserve(conservation)
  33. serv:服务 subserve disserve deserve
  34. sess:坐 assess obsess(obsession )
  35. set:布置 setting upset
  36. shut:关 shuttle
  37. sid:坐 subside subsidiary subsidy reside(residential) insidious
  38. sign:符号 signpost consign
  39. simil/simul:相同 facsimile assimilate simultaneously
  40. sinist:左边 sinister
  41. sist:站 insist persist resist consist
  42. sland:障碍物 slander
  43. slaught:打击 onslaught
  44. slave:奴隶 enslave
  45. snob:势力的人 snobbish
  46. soci:结交 associated
  47. sod:路 episode
  48. sol:太阳 solar solemn
  49. sole:安慰 console
  50. soli(d):坚固,完整 solicit solidary consolidate
  51. soph:聪明 sophist sophistic sophistry
  52. sorb:吸收 absorb
  53. sort:种类 consort consortium
  54. spec(t):看 respect expect respite suspect speculate prospectus prospective spectacular spectator
  55. speci:外观,种类 species special specimen
  56. sper:希望 desperate prosper(prosperous)
  57. sphere:层 troposphere
  58. spir:呼吸 aspiration expire(expiry)
  59. spire:塔尖 aspire
  60. spirit:精神 dispiriting
  61. splend:明亮 splendid
  62. spoil:掠夺,变质 despoil spoilage
  63. spond:回答,约定 respond correspond
  64. spore:播撒,种子,孢子 sporadic
  65. spring:弹跳,生长 offspring
  66. st:站 substance obstacle destine
  67. stagn:池塘 stagnate
  68. stall:放置 install installment
  69. starch:淀粉 starchy
  70. stat:站 statue
  71. station:站,局,驻地,位置,身份 substation stationery stationary
  72. steal:偷 stealth
  73. stereo:立体 stereoscope
  74. sti:刺 stimulus
  75. stick:黏贴 sticky
  76. stil:掉 instil
  77. stinct:刺 distinct instinct
  78. stip:一起按压 stipulate
  79. stit(u):站立 institute constitute substitute superstitious prostitute
  80. stock:东西 livestock
  81. ston:石头 astonish
  82. strain:拉紧 restrain constrain
  83. strate:层 substrate
  84. string:捆绑 stringent
  85. strophe:转 catastrophe
  86. struct:建立 instruct construct obstruct destruction
  87. suad:甜的 persuade
  88. sub:在下面 subtle substantial substrate subtract substation
  89. suc/sus:在下面 succeed succumb susceptible
  90. sue:跟随 pursue ensue
  91. sui:自己 suicidal
  92. suit:起诉 lawsuit
  93. sult:带来,召集 consult consultant
  94. sum:拿,取 assume resume presume
  95. summ:总的 summary summit
  96. sumpt:使用 consumption
  97. sur:超过 surpass
  98. surd:耳聋(听不懂) absurd
  99. surg:外科 surgeon
  100. sus:在下面 suspend sustain
  101. syn:一起 synthetic
T
  1. tabl:平板 tablet
  2. tach/tact:接触,连接 attach detach intact
  3. tack:钉 tackle
  4. tail:切割 entail curtail retail
  5. tain:拿住 attain obtain retain maintain entertain
  6. tain:支持 sustain
  7. take:带来 intake painstaking
  8. tale:传说 stale
  9. tali:同样 retaliate
  10. tang:接触 tangible
  11. techn:技艺 technique
  12. tect:遮盖 detect
  13. tegr:触摸 integral
  14. tele:远 telescope telegraph
  15. templ:庙 contemplate
  16. tempor:时间 contemporary
  17. tempt:藐视 contempt contemn
  18. tempt:尝试 tempt attempt
  19. ten:维持,持有 tenable tenant
  20. tend:趋势 pretend
  21. tend:伸展 tendency pretension intense tender
  22. tent:伸展 intent extent pretentious
  23. ter:地 deteriorate
  24. ter:吓唬 deter
  25. terg:擦 detergent
  26. termin:边界 terminal terminology
  27. terr:地 terrace terrain territory terrestrial
  28. test:证明 protest
  29. text;编织 textile texture context
  30. the:看,考虑 theory
  31. therm:热 thermal
  32. thet:放 synthetic
  33. thresh:踩踏,打谷,鞭打,推敲 threshold
  34. till:耕种 tillable
  35. tim:害怕 intimate timid
  36. tin:持握 continent
  37. tinct:刺 extinct
  38. ting:触摸 contingency
  39. ting:刺 extinguish
  40. tiny:微小的 scrutiny
  41. tip:尖点 tiptoe
  42. tir:拉 entire
  43. tire:劳累 retire
  44. toe:脚趾 tiptoe
  45. tol:举起 extol
  46. tom:切 epitomise
  47. tomy:切 anatomy
  48. ton:声音 monotonous
  49. tor:转动,扭曲 torrent torment
  50. tort:卷缠 distort
  51. toun:雷 astound
  52. tour:走 detour
  53. tract:拉 contract detract subtract distract trait
  54. trans:穿过 transient
  55. trans:改变,交易 transplant transact
  56. tray:盘子 astray
  57. tread:踩踏 treadmill
  58. treas:移交 treason
  59. trem:害怕 tremendous
  60. tres:超过 trespass
  61. tri:摩擦 detriment
  62. tribut:给予 contribute
  63. trig:小障碍物 intrigue
  64. trip:旅行 strip
  65. triumph:胜利 triumphant
  66. triv:转,寻找 contrive
  67. trop(o):转 tropical troposphere
  68. troph:营养 dystrophy
  69. tru:真实,相信 truce trust entrust
  70. trud:伸出 protrude
  71. trus:推,刺 intrusion extrusion obtrusive(unobtrusive)
  72. try:审判,实验 trial
  73. turb:晃动 turbine turbid
  74. twine:缠绕 entwine
  75. typ:模型 prototype
U
  1. uber:果实 exuberant
  2. ulter:远 ulterior
  3. ultim:最后 ultimate
  4. und:波浪 inundate redundant
  5. urb:城市 suburb
  6. us:使用 abuse
  7. ut:使用 utility
  8. utter:全然的,发声(均为外面) utterance
V
  1. vac:空的 vacation evacuate evacuation
  2. vacc:牛 vaccine
  3. vag:走,漫游 extravagance vague
  4. vail:强壮 avail prevail
  5. val:价值 invalid prevalent devalue
  6. val:力量 equivalent prevalence
  7. van/advan:前面 van advance advantage
  8. var:改变 variety
  9. vas:走 invasion invasive
  10. vas:走 pervasive
  11. vascular:血管的 cardiovascular
  12. vast:空,广阔 devastate
  13. veget:醒着的,活着的 vegetate vegetablere vegetarian
  14. veil:看 surveillance
  15. vel/veal/veil:盖 veil reveal velar envelop develop
  16. veloc:快 velocity
  17. ven:来 intervene venue revenue provenance
  18. veng:惩戒 avenge
  19. venom:毒液 venomous
  20. vent:来 convention inventory advent venture
  21. ver:真实:verdict verify
  22. verb:言语 verbal
  23. verg:转 diverge
  24. vers:转 diverse versatile controversy
  25. vert:转 invert divert diversion converse controversial extrovert introvert
  26. veter:老 veterinary vet
  27. vey:搬运 convey
  28. vi:路 previous viable deviance trivial invoice
  29. vic:看 device
  30. vice:罪行 viciousvi
  31. vict:征服,克服 convict
  32. victim:受害 victimise
  33. vid:看见 evidence
  34. vid:切 dividend
  35. vigor:活力 vigorous reinvigorous
  36. vil:无耻的 vile
  37. vin:葡萄/葡萄酒 vintage vinous
  38. vinc:征服 convince
  39. viol:冒犯,暴力 inviolable violate
  40. vir:男人 virtue
  41. virtue:德行 virtual
  42. vis:看见 envisage supervise revise
  43. vis:切 division
  44. vit/vid:分开 evitable inevitable
  45. vit:生命 vitality vital
  46. viv:生活 survive revival revive
  47. voc:大声呼喊 advocate vocation
  48. vok:喊 invoke evoke convoke revoke(irrevocable) advocate vouch
  49. vol:意念 benevolent malevolent
  50. volu/volv:滚,卷 evolution involve evolve revolve
  51. vor:吃 herbvorse
  52. vort:跳 cavort
  53. voy:路 voyage
  54. vulg:人们,大众 vulgar
  55. vuln:受伤 vulnerable
W
  1. war:保卫 warrant
  2. ware:看 beware
  3. whelm:淹没 overwhelm
  4. wild:荒野的 bewilder
  5. wind:风 dwindle
  6. wing:翅膀 swing
  7. wise:方向 clockwise
  8. wr:拧 wring wriggle worm
X
Y
Z

词组

  1. and so forth
  2. bump into
  3. carve in stone
  4. for the sake of
  5. get off track
  6. in vain
  7. on the horizen
  8. pore over
  9. pull of stake
  10. snap up
  11. spot on
  12. tick off
  13. track and field

近形词

  1. alert警报 alter更改
  2. alley allege allergy
  3. appeal申诉 appal使震惊
  4. artery vein
  5. blank blanket毯子,覆盖
  6. blaze火焰 blame
  7. bleak暗淡的 break
  8. blind blink眨眼 blunt钝的 blonde金发女郎 blend混合 blunder愚蠢的错误
  9. blow blast
  10. boost增长 boast吹牛 roast
  11. boulder巨石 brood孵 breed孕育,种类 brand品牌 bound跳,必然的 bump撞 bunch捆扎
  12. brass黄铜 gloss光亮 glossary术语表 toss扔
  13. buck雄性动物 buckle搭扣
  14. bullet子弹 bulletin公告
  15. bump limp limb climb
  16. butter flutter blockbuster
  17. carouse carousal carousel
  18. cereal ceramic
  19. cloth sloth懒惰
  20. catch clutch
  21. coffer保险箱 coffin
  22. commit comment评论 commend赞扬 commerce商业 commission委员会/委托 commence开始 commute通勤
  23. conditioner调节器 container
  24. cognition perception 感知 precipitate沉淀
  25. insulative conductive inductive reasoning
  26. corps兵团 cops警察
  27. count county country
  28. crank曲柄转动,性情古怪 crash crack
  29. crew crow craw crawl creep
  30. cripple跛 grapple
  31. cue hint clue
  32. custom习俗 accustom customer costume服装
  33. dash猛冲 crash撞 crush碾碎
  34. daunt威吓 dominate控制 tame驯养
  35. dazzle dizzy
  36. deem认为 doom厄运 damp潮湿
  37. despise(disdain) despite
  38. dissert论述 desert沙漠 dessert点心
  39. drain drown
  40. drill钻,练习 thrill兴奋 trial审判
  41. ensue接着发生 ensure
  42. equity公正 inequity不公正 iniquity极不公正,邪恶
  43. external eternal不朽
  44. explore考察 exploit开拓
  45. fallow休闲 follow flood harrow耙地,折磨
  46. fancy爱好,想象 fantasy幻想
  47. fauna flora
  48. flame火焰 flap拍打 flip快速翻转 flick轻弹 flicker闪烁
  49. favour恩惠 flavour特色,调味 flour面粉
  50. fleet舰队,掠过 flee逃跑
  51. fish flesh
  52. brow眉毛,山脊 frown皱眉
  53. gallop奔驰 gallon
  54. glide slide
  55. grant授予 grand重大的 gland腺 grind碾碎
  56. grim严肃 grime/begrime弄脏 grimy
  57. grip grasp graspple紧握 grass草地 graze(pasture)放牧
  58. groan moan呻吟,抱怨
  59. grove小树林 groove沟槽 groom新郎,马夫,刷洗动物
  60. greet欢迎 greed贪婪 grease油脂 greece(greek) grew/grow
  61. hammer锤子 hamper阻碍
  62. hodgepodge蔬菜大杂烩 baloney肉杂烩,香肠 farrago饲料杂烩
  63. hose软管 house horse
  64. hover徘徊 lover
  65. indigene(indigenous)土著 indigence(indigent)贫乏
  66. consult咨询 insult侮辱
  67. irrigate灌溉 irritate激怒
  68. knob knock
  69. lava larva
  70. leather feather weather
  71. loan借 loam沃土 load
  72. modern moderately适度的
  73. mist薄雾 moist湿润的
  74. mould浇筑,铸模 model模型 module模块
  75. mountain fountain
  76. mud泥土 bud萌芽
  77. hasty匆忙的 nasty极差的
  78. pamper娇惯 pepper
  79. pest plague
  80. pitch投,推销,沥青,球场 peach
  81. pin大头针 pine松树 spine脊柱
  82. plow plough犁
  83. plushy luxurious opulent豪华的
  84. poll民意检测 toll伤亡,通行费
  85. posture姿势,立场 poise姿势。平衡
  86. pray prey捕食,猎物
  87. rank腐臭的 rancid腐臭的
  88. lend借 rent租 rend撕裂
  89. rough粗糙的,艰难的 rouge胭脂 rogue流氓
  90. rite仪式 ritual礼节,习惯
  91. sack解雇,麻袋 lack snack snake
  92. scare恐惧 scarce稀少,几乎不
  93. scent嗅出,香味 scene现场,场景
  94. scrap scrape skyscrape rape ripe
  95. scream尖叫 icecream
  96. shadow shallow浅
  97. shatter粉碎 scatter散落
  98. shrew悍妇 shrewd精明的
  99. slash劈 flash闪光
  100. splint夹板 slat板条 slate石板,安排
  101. sled滑板雪橇 sledge 雪橇
  102. slick灵活/华而不实 sleek光滑光亮
  103. smear弄脏 swear发誓
  104. snap nap小睡
  105. spit唾 spite尽管,恶意 spiral螺旋式
  106. splash spade
  107. spouse espouse betroth
  108. sprawl scrawl stall
  109. stain污点 strain压力 stretch伸展
  110. staple主要的,主食 stipulate约定,规定
  111. status statue state stated states statute stature station
  112. stand someone in good stead, steady
  113. steep step
  114. steer操控 stare凝视
  115. stark裸露的,严酷的 starve stern严厉的
  116. stock stack
  117. strip条 strap带
  118. stripe strip
  119. strive斗争 strife争斗 strike打击 stroke打击 stick刺,粘(stitch缝合) stink恶臭 strict stint定额 stake打桩 strand海岸,搁浅,绳股
  120. stuff staff
  121. subjective objective
  122. subside precipitate
  123. sub-stant-ial sub-stitu-entsus-tain
  124. swap交换 swamp沼泽,淹没
  125. swivel转动 swing摇摆
  126. sham骗局 shame羞耻
  127. tease taunt mock
  128. throat throttle
  129. thresh脱谷 thread线,缝
  130. ticket tickle痒
  131. tract大片土地,小册子 trait特点 track tramp步行/远足/踩踏,流浪汉 trek(treck)长途跋涉 truck火车 trunk树干 trinket小装饰品
  132. troupe剧团,巡回演出 troop stoop俯身,驼背 loot掠夺,战利品
  133. truant逃学 tenant租客
  134. twinkle闪烁 wrinkle皱纹
  135. victor victim
  136. rape掠夺强奸 ripe成熟的 viper毒蛇
  137. wander wonder
  138. whir呼呼地飞 whirl旋转,回旋 whorl涡,轮,螺纹 swirl漩涡,盘绕
  139. womb子宫,发源地 tomb坟墓


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